The Spanish, Italian and Portuguese Old Masters all painted on hand-woven patterned linen canvases. This 'first layer' has been given only sporadic study by art historians. I started deciphering the weaving draft of El Greco’s 'The Burial of the Count of Orgaz', in 2016. It recently culminated in authentic, hand-woven reconstructions of historic canvases.
Marinus Bies painted on a linen flower bag, where did it come from ? Similar textiles in TEXTURE MUSEUM Kortrijk Belgium
painting by Marinus Bies, end of 19th century The Netherlands
painted on a linen red and blue striped flour-bag with the text : 'Van Loon Meelfabrieken Tilburg'